From micelle supramolecular assemblies in selective solvents to Isoporous membranes
S.P. Nunes, M. Karunakaran, N. Pradeep, A.R. Behzad, B. Hooghan, R. Sougrat, H. He, and K.-V. Peinemann
Langmuir, 27, 10184–10190, (2011)
The supramolecular assembly of PS-b-P4VP copolymer micelles induced by selective solvent mixtures was used to manufacture isoporous membranes. Micelle order in solution was confirmed by cryo-scanning electron microscopy in casting solutions, leading to ordered pore morphology. When dioxane, a solvent that interacts poorly with the micelle corona, was added to the solution, polymer–polymer segment contact was preferential, increasing the intermicelle contact. Immersion in water gave rise to asymmetric porous membranes with exceptional pore uniformity and high porosity. The introduction of a small number of carbon nanotubes to the casting solution improved the membrane stability and the reversibility of the gate response in the presence of different pH values.